Prefabrication and modularization is today's success mantra in construction industries. Prefabrication is also setting its place in data center industry too. There are many industrialist from container manufacturer who are selling space to equip large computer components and equipment. The so called expert use term like modular or prefab to sell their products and real estate. While each of these manufacturer will say that their solution is best, the
correct answer is that prefab can take on many forms based on the needs of the user.
Modular and prefab architecture are not very recent phenomenon. Prefabrication was invented in the late 19th century but only have become popular in the last decade. Since prefab or modular construction has around for many years, more than 75 percent of construction industry owners are using prefabrication to complete their projects. Its been projected by the end of 2015, more than 95% of industrialist would be doing prefabrication or modularization in their project execution. Prefabrication is said to be growing in other industries as well apart from construction.
For example porta cabins is gaining popularity in many developing countries including India, China, Brazil and South Africa. These cabins are built with prefab technology and are useful for providing temporary accommodation quickly. Porta cabin (also called as portable cabin) can be easily transported to different location using heavy trucks. They are built with steel frame making it durable and strong. Since they are built with prefab process, most of the components are built inside factory. Many manufacturer of portacabin also give them on rent making it even cheaper option for the consumer. For those who are looking for durable portable cabins can search on internet for various different collection.
A prefabricated building or houses are often built with a combination of site-built components and prefabricated components. In addition, modular construction are site-speciﬁc or a one-off project like the Taj Palace in Mumbai. The first mass produced modular house is said to be Manning PortableCottage, introduced in the year 1830 and transported from London to Perth for the construction of its new settlements. Houses like these actually resembled porta cabins, with the interior being merely the reverse side of the exterior. The investigation into mass-produced prefabricated houses received considerable pursuit by many of the great architects of 13th century, including Le Corbusier, Buckminster Fuller,, Walter Gropius, and Konrad Wachsmann. But none of these houses ever achieved the goal of mass production.
Prefabricated elements are simple building units that involve a single building trade. The advantage of prefabrication and modularization is that they increase productivity by at least 25 percent and reduce cost by 20 percent. According to many studies and surveys, 65% of user indicates that with prefabrication or modularization there has been a positive impact on their project budgets with 36 percent indicating that it reduced project budgets by 15% or more. Another benefits of prefabrication is that it provides safety to its worker and staffs. The studies show thirty five percent believe that prefabrication had improved site safety.